Packaging is used for three main purposes:
In the european strategy, the package represents a crucial role in the circular economy. That is why sustainability in packaging is and will be one of the main topics of innovation and competitiveness in the value chain. And that is why the has been a new law that will ban single-used plastic packaging in 2030.
In this context, ecodesign will be a key element to develop packaging.
In order to promote the production of sustainable packaging, the eco- labels have been created to attribute added value to products. Their aim is to:
These are the main eco-labels that you may recognise in packages:
The eco-design applies the theory of the life cycle, that consists in taking into consideration all the periods from the creation of the package to its final waste management. From the perspective of the circular economy, one of the main objectives is to make sure that we can close the loop and revalue the waste of the package throughout recyclability, reusability or compostability.
The main agents who are involved in the packaging eco-system are:
When choosing a packaging you need to make sure that the one you choose is not only made with sustainable materials but also is possible to recycle or compost within your geographic zone. For example if a material is sustainable but in order to recycle that package, the only recycler that is able to compost it is in China, this is not sustainable. That is why you have to analyze the multiple roles of the different agents involved in this process.
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